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怎么写好雅思小作文
资料整理:广州新东方英语学校发布时间:2018-03-30

怎么写好雅思小作文?雅思小作文经常出现描述图表题,其分值约占写作部分的三分之一,由于其所占的比例较低,经常被考生所忽略。但是事实上,这类图标描述题类型可控,文本使用上比较正式,语言上比较固定,因此考生们只要掌握了标准时的描写风格,以及一些固定的语言搭配,往往更加容易掌握,也更容易写好小作文了!

五个方面谈雅思小作文怎么写

要做到短期内拿下图表描述题,你就需要深入了解小作文的类型,写作难点。图表描述题虽然在形式上复杂多变难以掌握,但是万变不离其宗,语言固定,形式固定,你需要做的就是以不变应万变。

图形描述题的难点之一是难以在短时间内找出该题需要表达的重点,其次缺乏此举,缺少书面表达的语言和亮点。对于题型出现的这些难点,南京环球雅思老师提出一些相应的建议,帮助大家克服考试中出现的这些难点。

怎么写好雅思小作文

一、寻觅小作文需要表达的重点

见到图形表达题,你心中就需要思考这个图形题需要表述的重点在哪里。作答时先说明再梳理数据。切不可将文章写成账本式的文字,否则,你就会得到很低的分数。

例如:The graph shows how the amount of water used worldwide changed between 1900 and 2000. Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural Purposes, and this increased dramatically from about 500 km to around 3,000 km in the year 2000.

文章的主句应该对文章要表达的趋势,量的大小作出说明,相关的数据则补充在后面。雅思小作文考察的精髓还是查看考生的英文表达能力,精简凝练。你的描述要让阅卷者脑海中浮现出图形的样本,数量和趋势等等相关变量。如果你能达到以上这些要求,那么小作文本身也就基本上合格了。

二、了解图形的分类规律

图形描述题,按照标准图形来分,可以分为line graph (curve), bar chart, pie chart以及table,按照表达重点来分,分为趋势类和大小类,分类依据于题中的时间列表。一般来说,出现时间段的图形题都是以描述数据变化趋势为主。

三、准备必要的表达方式

1. 与趋势有关的词语:

上升(动词):increase, rise, climb, ascend, surge, shoot up

下降(动词):decrease, decline, drop, fall, descend, plunge

持平(动词):remain stable, keep constant, level off, flatten out

波动(动词):fluctuate, wave, go up and down

快速(形容词/副词):considerable/considerably, significant/significantly,substantial/substantially,remarkable/remarkably, dramatic/dramatically

稳步(形容词/副词):steady/steadily, stable/stably, moderate/moderately, modest/modestly

缓慢(形容词/副词):slight/slightly, minimal/minimally, marginal/marginally

顶点(名词 /动词):peak

趋势 (名词):trend/ tendency

2. 与大小相关的词语:

Outnumber (动词):在数量上超过The demonstrators were outnumbered by the police

Exceed (动词):在数量上超过

Triple (动词):变成三倍The figure has tripled.

Double (动词):变成两倍The price of houses has virtually doubled over the past few years.

Mount to (动词):达到

Counterpart (名词):对应的另一方,比较的另一方 this product is better than its counterparts

此外,建议考生还应考虑一下题中数据和百分比有没有联系,如果有的话还应添加一些数据所占百分比的语句。

3. 相关词语:

百分比(名词):proportion, rate, percentage, share

占据 (动词):occupy, comprise, constitute, account for, represent.

数字:number, amount, data, figure

比例:rate, proportion, percentage, share

大约:roughly, about, nearly, approximately, a little less than, slightly more than

各自地:respectively, for each,severally

四、注重连词的使用

连词在语句中起着承上启下的作用,添加连词,可以增加文章的逻辑感,使得文章更加严谨,同时,文章中连词的使用也要讲究一定的形式,我们在文章中一般称之为形连。

五、Integrity and Perfection

文章有了恰当的表达方式,还需要进行一些细节方面的修饰,添加数据时,形式要整齐划一,有不随便删除和添加数量单位,增加连词的使用,加强文章的严谨度,采用一些多样化的数据添加方式,是文章看起来有理有据,中心思想贯穿全文。

主要数据添加方式有:

1. 利用标点,如括号和破折号

2. 利用介词,如with, at, to, by等

3. 利用分词或从句,倒装句

考生在备战雅思小作文的过程中,考生应按照以上的基础因此分析相关的真题和范文,多多总结经验,找出思想上的共性和有亮点的语句,并且进行模仿练习。我们有理由相信,同学们通过专门的训练,一定能在雅思小作文写作中取得好成绩。

怎么写好雅思小作文

小作文一般都是图表作文,常见的几种主要类型有:表格图,曲线图,柱状图,饼状图和图画题五大类。一般来说,柱图和线图是每月常考的题型,有时候会有连考或者交替考的趋势。饼图和表格题也是相对频率较高的题型。偶尔也会考综合题。图画题主要分为流程图和地图题,一般每季度轮换题库的时候会出现。不管考到哪种题型,其要求都是一致的,先要挑选重要数值并且在相关处作比较。

在雅思A类小作文图表题的写作当中,考生经常会碰到图表看懂了,但因数据比较凌乱,找不出很明显的特征,或者找到了很多特征,却不知道应该用什么样的思路来把图表当中的重要信息和规律特征有机自然的联系贯穿起来的情况。专家将从动态图表和静态图表的角度来详细分析小作文的解题思路。

一、动态图

有时间推移变化的图我们通常叫做动态图。曲线图都是动态图,但是对于表格图,饼图和柱图却有动态和静态之分。对于大多数的动态图我们都可以大致当作线图来处理。动态图重点在数字变化的表达上,利用主语句型的不同和衔接关联词来展开。写好动态图的基础是要准备好三个方面:

1. 解题思路

1). 表格题的动态题解题思路大致可以分为四步:①先相减(年份大的减小的);②后分类(上升一类,下降一类);③挑出极值(最大值);④挑选数值(倍数关系,变化明显的数值);

2). 线图的解题思路大致分为两种:第一种:①按整条线来写(可以把相同趋势的线放在一起,也可把相反趋势的线拿来做对比);②挑选重要信息(整体趋势,起点,重点,最高点,最低点);③整体作比较。第二种:①按时间区间来写(横轴对上去有共同拐点或交点的分为一段);②对比着写(强调交点,拐点,最高点,最低点);

3). 动态柱图解题思路:把各个柱子的顶点连起来就是几条线,所以按线图方式处理;

4). 动态饼图解题思路:把每种颜色看做一条线,可把相同相反的颜色放在一起写,很多时候也可以把占的比例最大的单独写一部分。

2. 基础替换词汇

1). 趋势词汇

上升动词类:increase, rise, grow, jump, surge, shoot up, soar

下降动词类:decrease, decline, fall down, drop, sink, dip

波动动词类:fluctuate

持平动词类:remain the same, stabilize, remain stable, remain constant

修饰动词的副词:slightly 轻微地,slowly 缓慢地,gradually 逐渐地,steadily 稳定地,rapidly 迅速地,moderately 温和地,轻微地,significantly 明显地,sharply 明显地,dramatically 急剧地,drastically 急剧地

上升名词类:increase, rise, growth, jump, surge

下降名词类:decrease, decline, fall, reduction, drop

波动名词类:fluctuation

修饰名词的形容词:slight, slow, gradual, steady, rapid, moderate, significant, sharp, dramatic, drastic

2). 极值类词汇和表达

最高点:reach the peak/top/highest point

Increase to the peak/top/highest point(所有上升类的动词都可以替换掉increase)

最低点:reach the bottom/lowest point

drop to the bottom/lowest point(所有下降类的动词都可以替换掉drop)

占了:occupy/make up/take up/account for/represent/constitute

3). 倍数的表达方式

Double 是两倍/大一倍

Increase/decrease three times 增长/减少了三倍

4). 大约的表达方式

Approximately/About/around+数字

3. 常用的小作文的趋势句式表达

句式一:变化主体/图画中主体+趋势动词+副词+数值+时间区间

Eg: The number of aged people over 65 increased significantly from 1 million in 1940 to 1.2 million in 2000.

句式二:There be+形容词+表示趋势的名词+in+变化的主体+时间区间

Eg: There was a significant increase in the number of aged people over 65 from 1 million in 1940 to 1.2million in 2000.

句式三:时间+see/experience/witness+ 表示趋势的名词+in+ 变化的主体+ 数值

Eg: The period from 1940 to 2000 saw an upward trend in the number of aged people over 65 from 1 million to 1.2 million.

句式四:表示趋势的名词+be+seen/experienced/witnessed+in+变化的主体+时间

Eg: An upward trend was seen in the number of aged people over 65 from 1 million in 1940 to 1.2million in 2000.

二、静态图

静态图常见的是柱图,饼图和表格题。静态图的写作思路相对比较多元化,重点在比较关系上,利用比较句式和排序方式来展开。我们主要也从以下几个角度来分析:

1. 解题思路

1). 表格题的静态题解题思路大致可以分为三步:①先分类(横向,纵向或者横竖交替);②挑出极值(最大值与最小值);③挑选剩余数值(倍数关系,两个数值,变化明显的数值);

2). 静态柱图解题思路:第一种:①按颜色来分类;②总体做比较。第二种:①按特征分(把有相同特征的分在一起);

3). 静态饼图解题思路:①若单个饼图不相关时,单个饼图分开写最后整体总结;②若是同一相关事物的比较也是按颜色特征先分类,后作比较。

2. 基础替换词汇

1). 占据:

take up / make up / occupy/ account for

Constitute / be the instrument of 致成物

2). 剩余事物:

the rest

the remainder

sth is in the charge of

due to/owing to/attributed/ascribed to/ for sth

60%= three-fifths/three out of five

5/6=five-sixths

a/the majority of = a large portion/ part/ share / proportion/ percentage

>80% (93%)= a lion’s share/maximal proportion of

5%= a minority of, a tiny portion

37.8%= comparatively a majority of (<50%的最大值)

87%/76% = comparatively a minority of

3. 静态图表示数值方式句式表达

1). 多个事物的排列法一(饼图,柱形图,表格)

①A is the largest/smallest/longest...

②B is a close/far second with just+数字less.

或者:which is followed by B.

③Third comes C with only +数字

或者:C is close/far behind with +数字

或者:C takes third spot/place with +数字

④Following C comes D with +数字

⑤Finally/the rest is ,……

2). 多个事物的排列法二(饼图,柱形图,表格)

A occupied the maximal portion of the 研究对象, with 数字, while B accounted for comparatively less rate, with only _(占据), ranking second. Furthermore, the third, forth and fifth places(或者用数字)altogether of the 研究对象 was shared by C,D and E(共享). The remaining part of it was due to F, G, H, I and J which follow the same trend and taking sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth respectively.(剩余)

怎么写好雅思小作文

在雅思写作的小作文部分里,往往我们可以采纳“老三段”式的写法,以不变应万变,不论是线图,柱图,表格,饼图,亦或是流程图,我们都可以采用此种方式完成雅思小作文的写作。

那么老三段式的经典写法中,强调着第一段“开门见山”介绍出本文讨论内容,即改写题目。将必要内容进行改写,这样可以获得高分效应。

第二段“丰实的内容”尽量多地将图表中的信息表达明确,不时的需要我们之前总结的常用表达(敬请参见前几篇文章关于雅思作文经典表达介绍文章)。第三段也就是文章的最后一段,对全文进行一个总结概括即可。

本文将着眼于介绍雅思作文开头段的常用高频高分表达,希望对同学们准备雅思有所帮助。也请同学们积极准备!

五分表达:

The chart depicts (that)…该图呈现出…

The chart shows (that)…

The figures/statistics show (that)…

The diagram reveals …

The chart illustrates (that)…

六分表达:

The graph provides some interesting data regarding…该图为我们提供了有关…有趣数据。

The graph describes the trend of …这个图描述了…的趋势

As is shown/demonstrated/exhibited in thechart/diagram/chart/table…如图所示…

According to the chart …根据这些表格…

As is shown in the table…如图所示…

This table shows the changing proportion of A and B from … to…该表格描述了…年到…年之间A与B的比例关系。

This graph,presented in the chart,shows the general trendin…该图呈现了…总的趋势。

As can be seen from the graph, the two graphs show the flutuationof…如图所示,两条曲线描述了…的波动情况。

高分表达:

From the table/chart/diagram/figure,we can see clearlythat…从图表中我们可以很清楚的看到…

The chart shows the changes in the number of …over the periodfrom…to…该表格描述了在…年到…年之间…数量的变化。

雅思小作文经典句子模版整理

1. “Why do ______________?" Many people often ask questions like this.

2. In recent years, there is a general tendency to ______________.According to a study, there is ______________. compared with ______________ lastyear.

Why ______________?

3. According to a survey, there is a growing number of ______________. Whatbrings this result? The main reason rests with.

4. Some people prefer to ______________. In their opinion,______________.

In addition, ______________. Nevertheless, nowadays, ______________ hasbecome more and more common.

5. Today, there ______________, which have brought a lot of harms in ourdaily life. First, ______________ second, ______________. What makes thingsworse is that ______________.

6. Nowadays, ______________ has become a problem we have to face.

Though it's easier said than done, with the help of modern technology, wenow have many means to solve it.

7. Many people are inclined to ______________. In their opinion,______________. They believe that ______________.

8. From the graph/chart, we know the statistics of ______________ and______________. It can be seen easily that ______________.

9. According to the two graphs presented, it can be observed that______________. In the left graph, ______________. At the same time,______________ as the right graph shows.

10. The graph shows the general trend in ______________.

11. According to the figures/numbers/statistics/percentages in thetable/chart/bar graph/line graph, it can be seen that ______________. Obviously,______________, but why?

12. The figure indicates/shows/suggests/proves that ______________. Thereis a steady/rapid development/trend of ______________.

13. These days we are often told that ______________. But is it true?

14. These days we often hear about ______________. But is this really thecase?

15. One of the great writers once said that ______________. Now it stillhas a realistic significance.

16. In our history, the idea that ______________ never has been so popular.On one hand, ______________, on the other hand, ______________.

17. There are different opinions among people as to ______________. Somepeople suggest that ______________.

18. Some people hold the opinion that ______________ is superior to______________ in many ways: Others, however, disagree with it.

19. Nowadays although more and more people ______________, still there aresome who think ______________, they may think ______________.

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